SAMUDRA Report

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Issue No:81
  • :0973–1121
  • :June
  • :2019
  • :English

Samudra Report No.81, June 2019

India / Fish Culture

Welcome, JOHAR!

A World Bank-funded loan project has been developed in the Indian state of Jharkhand to enhance and diversify household incomes for targeted beneficiaries through fish culture


This article is by Bipin Bihari (bipin.jslps@gmail.com), Project Director, JOHAR, Jharkhand State Livelihood Promotion Society, Department of Rural Development, Government of Jharkhand, and Smita Shweta (smita_shweta@yahoo.com), State Programme Co-ordinator-Fishery, JOHAR, Jharkhand State Livelihood Promotion Society, Department of Rural Development, Government of Jharkhand


Jharkhand is one of India’s poorest states. Its poverty rate is the highest in the country after Chhattisgarh’s, with 37 per cent of the population below the poverty line. The average rate of decline in poverty in Jharkhand up to 2012 was 0.9 per cent per year—much slower than in the rest of India’s rate of 4.8 per cent per year. A female literacy rate of 55 per cent is much lower than the rest of India’s rate of 65 per cent. Malnourishment is a serious problem; 47 per cent of the childre